There is a small balloon around the tube that is inflated to hold the tube in place and to keep air from escaping.
Once this balloon is inflated, the tube is securely positioned in the airway and it is tied or taped in place at the mouth.
There are many reasons why a patient may be too ill to breathe well enough on their own.
They may have an injury to the lungs, they might have severe pneumonia, or a breathing problem such as COPD.
Successful placement is checked first by listening to the the lungs with a stethoscope and often verified with a chest x-ray.
In the field, such as when 911 is activated and a breathing tube is placed by paramedics, a special device is used that changes color when the tube is placed correctly.
This may be because they are being given anesthesia and will be unable to breathe on their own during surgery, or they may be too sick or injured to provide enough oxygen to the body without assistance.
This type of intubation is less common, as it is typically easier to intubate using the larger mouth opening, and because it just isn't necessary for most procedures.These patients will need to remain on the ventilator until they are awake enough to protect their airway and take breaths on their own.Intubation is also performed for respiratory failure.In some cases, if the mouth or throat is being operated upon or has been injured, the breathing tube is threaded through the nose instead of the mouth, which is called a nasal intubation.The nasotracheal tube (NT) goes into the nose, down the back of the throat, and into the upper airway.Intubation is the process of inserting a tube, called an endotracheal tube (ET), through the mouth and then into the airway.This is done so that a patient can be placed on a ventilator to assist with breathing during anesthesia, sedation, or severe illness.If a patient cannot take in enough oxygen on their own, a ventilator may be necessary until they are once again strong enough to breathe without assistance.The process of intubation is the same with adults and children, aside from the size of the equipment that is used during the process.The tube is then connected to a ventilator, which pushes air into the lungs to deliver a breath to the patient.This process is done because the patient cannot maintain their airway, cannot breathe on their own without assistance, or both.