He died three days after his election and was never consecrated into the office of Pope as such. The Vatican sanctioned his addition to the list of popes in the sixteenth century, however he was removed in 1961. Another Clement named Pope Clement XI (23 November 1700 - 19 March 1721) is the youngest of the list. Leo XIII (1878) reached the Canonic age of 93 years old when he died He is the oldest in the whole history of Papacy. 78 is the most common age to die, the average for holding power is 2,451 days - or 7 years.
He is no longer considered a pope by the Catholic Church.
Over the centuries, papal claims of spiritual authority have been ever more firmly expressed, culminating in 1870 with the proclamation of the dogma of papal infallibility for rare occasions when the pope speaks ex cathedra—literally "from the chair (of Saint Peter)"—to issue a formal definition of faith or morals.
The earliest recorded use of the title "pope" in English dates to the mid-10th century, when it was used in reference to Pope Vitalian in an Old English translation of Bede's Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum.
All popes are considered symbolic descendants of Peter and are thought to hold "Peter's Chair" Since then, there have been more than 260 occupants of the papal office.
The institution has endured through the defining moments of European history, including the split of the Roman Empire, the bloodbath of the crusades and the rise of the Italian Renaissance.
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Here, a short history of some of the most notable occupants of "St. All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U. and International copyright laws, © Copyright 2018 Catholic Online.
The pope is also head of state of Vatican City, Popes, who originally had no temporal powers, in some periods of history accrued wide powers similar to those of temporal rulers.
In recent centuries, popes were gradually forced to give up temporal power, and papal authority is now once again almost exclusively restricted to matters of religion.
But which Pope held the longest Pontificate or was the youngest at the start of papacy? Get the full data history of the Pope • Full list of popes • Download the data • More data journalism and data visualisations from the Guardian Pope Francis elected: how does he fit in?
A nun looks at front pages showing newly elected Pope at a newsstand near the Vatican.