There are also small Polynesian settlements in Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, the Caroline Islands, and in Vanuatu.
An island group with strong Polynesian cultural traits outside of this great triangle is Rotuma, situated north of Fiji.
This culture is seen as having adapted and evolved through time and space since its emergence "Out of Taiwan".
Research at the Teouma and Talasiu Lapita sites implies that the migration and intermarriage, which resulted in the mixed Asian-Papuan ancestry of the Polynesians, The most eastern site for Lapita archaeological remains recovered so far is at Mulifanua on Upolu.
Another term, the Polynesian Triangle, explicitly includes the Hawaiian Islands, as they form its northern vertex.
Polynesia is characterized by a small amount of land spread over a very large portion of the mid and southern Pacific Ocean.
Between about 30 BC speakers of Austronesian languages began spreading from Taiwan into Island Southeast Asia.
"Lapita Peoples", so-named after their pottery tradition, appeared in the Bismarck Archipelago of northwest Melanesia.