The sensitivity of weekly sampling allows the detection of a subtle warm-to-cool sea-surface temperature anomaly which preceded, by more than one year, a similar temperature anomaly associated with the 1982–83 El Nin˜o in the east Pacific.It is the 11th northernmost public community in the world and is the northernmost city in the United States.It is the oldest wood-frame building in Utqiaġvik and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.The rescue station was converted for use in 1896 as the retail Cape Smythe Whaling and Trading Station.It is derived from the Iñupiat word The name Barrow was derived from Point Barrow, and was originally a general designation, because non-native Alaskan residents found it easier to pronounce than the Inupiat name.A post office established in 1901 helped the name "Barrow" to become dominant.
Barrow was more or less where it is now, a natural hunting place at the base of a peninsula that pokes out into the Beaufort Sea. Yankee whalers sailed here, learning about the bowhead whale from Iñupiat hunters ...Point Barrow was named after Sir John Barrow of the British Admiralty by explorer Frederick William Beechey in 1825.In an October 2016 referendum, city voters narrowly approved to change its name from Barrow to its traditional Iñupiaq name, Archaeological sites in the area indicate the Iñupiat lived around Utqiaġvik as far back as AD 500.The improved chronology and high-resolution record demonstrate that signal distortion in , due to calcification within the tissue layer and variable intra-annual coral extension, is generally negligible.Also confirmed is that the arrival-time of monsoonal floods is precisely preserved (±1 week) within the skeleton of .In the late 20th century, the building was used as Brower's Cafe. In 1935, the famous humorist Will Rogers and pilot Wiley Post made an unplanned stop at Walakpa Bay 15 mi (24 km) south of Utqiaġvik while en route to the city.As they took off again, their plane stalled and plunged into a river, killing them both.In 1940, the indigenous Iñupiat organized as the Native Village of Barrow Iñupiat Traditional Government (previously, Native Village of Barrow), which is a federally recognized Alaska Native Iñupiat "tribal entity", as listed by the US Bureau of Indian Affairs circa 2003.They wrote a constitution and by-laws, under the provisions of the Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) of 1934. Utqiaġvik was incorporated as a 1st Class City in 1958.In 1888, a Presbyterian church was built by United States missionaries at Utqiaġvik.In 1889 a whaling supply and rescue station was built.