Manuals to educate the public, teachers and parents summarize, "Cyberbullying is being cruel to others by sending or posting harmful material using a cell phone or the internet." Research, legislation and education in the field are ongoing.Research has identified basic definitions and guidelines to help recognize and cope with what is regarded as abuse of electronic communications.Another study that discusses the direct correlation between exposure to violent video games and cyber bullying also took into account personal factors such as "duration of playing online games, alcohol consumption in the last 3 months, parents drunk in the last 3 months, anger, hostility, ADHD, and a sense of belonging" In an internet-streamed fighting game competition, one female gamer forfeited a match after the coach of her team, Aris Bakhtanians, stated, "The sexual harassment is part of the culture.If you remove that from the fighting game community, it's not the fighting game community." Some instances of swatting in games such as Call of Duty and League of Legends have resulted in law enforcement SWAT units called on individuals' homes as a prank.In addition, the combination of cameras and Internet access and the instant availability of these modern smartphone technologies yield specific types of cyberbullying not found in other platforms.It is likely that those cyberbullied via mobile devices will experience a wider range of types cyberbullying than those who are exclusively bullied elsewhere.Cyberbullies may disclose victims' personal data (e.g.real name, home address, or workplace/schools) on websites or forums, or may use impersonation, creating fake accounts, comments or sites posing as their target for the purpose of publishing material in their name that defames, discredits or ridicules them.
They may encourage others to do the same, either explicitly or by impersonating their victim and asking others to contact them.Cyberbullying can also take place through the use of websites belonging to certain groups to effectively request the targeting of another individual or group.An example of this is the bullying of climate scientists and activists.Victims of cyberbullying may not know the identity of their bully, or why the bully is targeting them.The harassment can have wide-reaching effects on the victim, as the content used to harass the victim can be spread and shared easily among many people and often remains accessible long after the initial incident.In fact, youth spend more time with media than any single other activity besides sleeping." The last decade has witnessed a surge of cyberbullying, bullying that occurs through the use of electronic communication technologies, such as e-mail, instant messaging, social media, online gaming, or through digital messages or images sent to a cellular phone.There are many risks attached to social media sites, and cyberbullying is one of the larger risks.Cyberbullying could be limited to posting rumors about a person on the internet with the intention of bringing about hatred in others' minds or convincing others to dislike or participate in online denigration of a target.It may go to the extent of personally identifying victims of crime and publishing materials defaming or humiliating them.Trolls and cyberbullies do not always have the same goals: while some trolls engage in cyberbullying, others may be engaged in comparatively harmless mischief.A troll may be disrupt either for their own amusement or because they are genuinely a combative person.